Treatment and Care


Gender, AIDS, and ARV Therapies: Ensuring that Women Gain Equitable Access to Drugs within U.S. Funded Treatment Initiatives PDF Print E-mail
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AUTHOR: Center for Health and Gender Equity (CHANGE)
DATE: 2004
PUBLISHER: Center for Health and Gender Equity (CHANGE)

This paper argues that in order to ensure that U.S. global AIDS strategies promote justice and equity and reflect international consensus on the ethical principles guiding access to health care, the United States must take proactive steps to address the barriers to access to ARVs faced by women. There is no consistent formula for ensuring equity in access to treatment given scarce resources. At the same time, a set of standard considerations, guidelines or questions can and must be formulated and applied within each setting to ensure that concerns for gender equity and social justice are incorporated into treatment access schemes. Such guidelines can be used to ensure consistent application of ethical principles to treatment access, while reflecting specific circumstances, and should be carefully reviewed on a regular basis in response to changes in the dynamics of the epidemic or as treatment access expands. Through literature review and field research, this paper identifies essential elements of a gender-sensitive approach to treatment access.

Article can be accessed on-line here in PDF format.

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Contribution of Reproductive Health Services To The Fight Against HIV/AIDS PDF Print E-mail
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AUTHOR: I. Askew & M. Berer
DATE: 2003
PUBLISHER: Population Council and Reproductive Health Matters

This paper reviews and assesses the contributions made to date by sexual and reproductive health services to HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment, mainly by services for family planning, sexually transmitted infections and antenatal and delivery care. It also describes other sexual and reproductive health problems experienced by HIV-positive women. It describes how sexual and reproductive health programmes can make an important contribution to HIV prevention and treatment, and that STI control is important both for sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS control. It concludes that more integrated programmes of sexual and reproductive health care and STI/HIV/AIDS control should be developed.

Article can be accessed on-line here.

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Women's Experiences with HIV Serodisclosure in Africa: Implications for VCT and PMTC PDF Print E-mail
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Author: USAID and The Synergy Project
Date: 2004
Publisher: USAID and The Synergy Project

On April 2, 2003, the US Agency for International Development (USAID) hosted a meeting in Washington, DC to consider gender issues regarding the disclosure of HIV serostatus in sub-Saharan Africa. More than 90 technical personnel who work on HIV/AIDS, gender, and reproductive health issues participated in the meeting. The objective of the meeting was to explore the relationships between perceived outcomes and actual outcomes for women who learn and share their HIV serostatus, with attention to the implications for programs and policy. This publication is the report from this meeting.

Article can be accessed on-line here in PDF format.

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Inequalities in Knowledge of HIV/AIDS Prevention PDF Print E-mail
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AUTHOR: D. Gwatkin and G. Deveshwar - Bahl
DATE: 2001
PUBLISHER: World Bank

This paper presents an overview of information on socio-economic and gender inequalities in the knowledge of HIV/AIDS prevention. The information, based on an analysis of household data collected by the Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) program, concerning poor-rich coverage and gender differences for twenty-three countries, focuses primarily in Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean. The findings suggest that knowledge of HIV/AIDS prevention is distinctly higher among the better-off than among the disadvantaged in almost every country where data was available. However, the gap between poor-rich is distinctly smaller, and level of knowledge among the poor is distinctly higher in sub-Saharan Africa than in Latin America.

Article can be accessed on-line here in PDF format.

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